Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR)

Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR)

December 01, 2022
   0.25% on Apr 11, 2020
1 Yr ago 5 Yr ago 10 Yr ago
18.00% 19.50% 23.00%

Major Monetary Policy Rates And Reserve Requirements

Effective Date
May 22, 2020
May 22, 2020
May 22, 2020
Mar 28, 2020
Apr 11, 2020
(Source: RBI)

Chart of Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR)

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Source: Reserve Bank of India

Current SLR Rate

The current Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR) is 18.00%

. The Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR) last witnessed a change in its level on April 11, 2020 when it declined by 0.25% from its previous level of 18.25%.

As of today, i.e. on December 01, 2022, the Policy Rates which include Repo Rate stood at 4.00%, Reverse Repo Rate at 3.35%, Marginal Standing Facility (MSF) Rate at 4.25% and Bank Rate at 4.25%. The Reserve Ratios which include Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) stood at 3.00% and the Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR) at 18.00%, according to data of Major Monetary Policy Rates and Reserve Requirements released by the Reserve Bank of India.

Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR) Comparision Chart

Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR) Vs
Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR) Comparision Chart
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Source: Reserve Bank of India

What is Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR)?

SLR means the ratio of specified securities banks must maintain in relation to their Demand and Time Liabilities (DTL), as prescribed by the central bank.

Main Objectives of SLR are:

  1. SLR (Statutory Liquidity Ratio) is a tool which aids the RBI to ensure the solvency a commercial bank.
  2. SLR helps to control the expansion of Bank Credits. By changing the SLR rates, RBI can increase or decrease bank credit expansion.
  3. Through SLR, the Central Bank compels the commercial banks to invest in government securities.
  4. SLR (like CRR) is a tool of monetary policy to control money supply in the economy. Lower SLR rates releases liquidity into the system, as banks require to hold less government bonds and vice versa.

Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR) in India

Statutory Liquidity Ratio is prescribed under Section 24 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949.

Current Level

Reserve Bank has specified that every SCB shall continue to maintain in India specified assets, the value of which shall not, at the close of business on any day, be less than 18.00 per cent of the total NDTL (not exceeding 40 per cent of its total DTL) as on the last Friday of the second preceding fortnight.

Specified Assets for SLR

  1. Cash or
  2. Gold valued at a price not exceeding the current market price, or
  3. Investment in the following instruments which are referred to as "Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR) securities":
    1. Dated securities issued up to May 06, 2011;
    2. Treasury Bills of the Government of India;
    3. Dated securities of the Government of India issued from time to time under the market borrowing programme and the Market Stabilization Scheme;
    4. State Development Loans (SDLs) of the State Governments issued from time to time under the market borrowing programme; and
    5. Any other instrument as may be notified by the Reserve Bank of India.

Procedure for Computation of SLR

The procedure to compute total NDTL for the purpose of SLR under Section 24 (2A) of Banking Regulation Act, 1949 is broadly similar to the procedure followed for CRR except that there are no exemption on certain liabilities as prescribed for maintenance of CRR.

The value of SLR assets and NDTL are valued in accordance with the method of valuation specified by the Reserve Bank of India from time to time.

Maintenance of SLR on Daily Basis

Unlike CRR, RBI does not permit any flexibility in the maintenance of SLR, i.e., SLR has to be maintained at 100% level (or higher) on a daily basis.


If a banking company fails to maintain the required amount of SLR, it shall be liable to pay to RBI in respect of that default, the penal interest for that day at the rate of three per cent per annum above the Bank Rate on the shortfall and if the default continues on the next succeeding working day, the penal interest may be increased to a rate of five per cent per annum above the Bank Rate for the concerned days of default on the shortfall.

Return in Form VIII (SLR)

  1. Banks should submit to the Reserve Bank before 20th day of every month, a Return in Form VIII showing the amounts of SLR held on alternate Fridays during immediate preceding month with particulars of their DTL in India held on such Fridays or if any such Friday is a public holiday under the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881, at the close of business on preceding working day.
  2. Banks should also submit a statement as Annexure to Form VIII Return giving daily position of (a) assets held for the purpose of compliance with SLR, (b) excess cash balances maintained by them with RBI in the prescribed format, and (c) mode of valuation of securities.

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Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR)
Historical Rate

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Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR)


Apr 11, 2020 18.00% 0.25%
Jan 04, 2020 18.25% 0.25%
Oct 12, 2019 18.50% 0.25%
Jul 06, 2019 18.75% 0.25%
Apr 13, 2019 19.00% 0.25%
Jan 05, 2019 19.25% 0.25%
Oct 14, 2017 19.50% 0.50%
Jun 24, 2017 20.00% 0.50%
Jan 07, 2017 20.50% 0.25%
Oct 01, 2016 20.75% 0.25%
Jul 09, 2016 21.00% 0.25%
Apr 02, 2016 21.25% 0.25%
Feb 07, 2015 21.50% 0.50%
Aug 09, 2014 22.00% 0.50%
Jun 14, 2014 22.50% 0.50%
Aug 11, 2012 23.00% 1.00%
Dec 18, 2010 24.00% 1.00%
Nov 07, 2009 25.00% 1.00%
Nov 08, 2008 24.00% 1.00%
Oct 25, 1997 25.00% 6.50%
Oct 29, 1994 31.50% 2.25%
Sep 17, 1994 33.75% 0.50%
Aug 20, 1994 34.25% 0.50%
Oct 16, 1993 34.75% 2.50%
Sep 18, 1993 37.25% 0.25%
Aug 21, 1993 37.50% 0.25%
Mar 06, 1993 37.75% 0.25%
Feb 06, 1993 38.00% 0.25%
Jan 09, 1993 38.25% 0.25%

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