Consumer Price Index (CPI) in India

Consumer Price Index (CPI)

INDIA
139.7

January 2019

   2.05% (YoY)
- 0.29% (MoM)
Previous Value: 140.1 (Dec 2018)


Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Monthly Trend

MONTH
INDEX
YoY CHANGE
Jan 2019
139.7
2.05%
Dec 2018
140.1
2.11%
Nov 2018
140.8
2.33%
Oct 2018
140.7
3.38%
Sep 2018
140.2
3.70%
Aug 2018
140.4
3.69%
(Base 2012=100)

RETAIL INFLATION

INDIA
2.05%
January 2019

Chart of Current Consumer Price Index (CPI) Index

Select Range:
Source: MOSPI

Consumer Price Index (CPI)

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) in January 2019 rose by 2.05% (YoY)

from an year ago.

According to data released by the Central Statistics Office, the country's CPI in Jan 2019 was pegged at 139.7, compared to 136.9 reported in the corresponding period last year. The CPI in Jan 2019 for urban areas was 138.0 and for the rural areas was 138.0.

This months CPI figure represents a decline of 0.29% (MoM) since last month, as CPI(Combined) for Dec 2018 stood at 140.1.


What does Consumer Price Index (CPI) signify?

Let us assume that a basket of goods and services; in this case was costing Rs. 100.00 in 2012 (Base Year).

Consumer Price Index (CPI) informs us that, the same basket of goods and services

was costing Rs. 104.60 in Jan 2013
was costing Rs. 113.60 in Jan 2014
was costing Rs. 119.50 in Jan 2015
was costing Rs. 126.30 in Jan 2016
was costing Rs. 130.30 in Jan 2017
was costing Rs. 136.90 in Jan 2018
was costing Rs. 139.70 in Jan 2019

Historical Consumer Price Index Trend in India

 
Historical Graph

  • Inflation is when you pay fifteen dollars for the ten-dollar haircut you used to get for five dollars when you had hair.

  • ~ Sam Ewing


What is Consumer Price Index (CPI)?

A Consumer Price Index (CPI) is designed to measure the changes over time in general level of retail prices of selected goods and services that households purchase for the purpose of consumption. Such changes affect the real purchasing power of consumers’ income and their welfare. The CPI measures price changes by comparing, through time, the cost of a fixed basket of commodities.

The basket is based on the expenditures of a target population in a certain reference period. Since the basket contains commodities of unchanging or equivalent quantity and quality, the index reflects only pure price.

The annual percentage change in a CPI is used as a measure of inflation.

Over the years, CPIs have been widely used as a macroeconomic indicator of inflation, and also as a tool by Government and Central Bank for targeting inflation and monitoring price stability. CPI is also used as deflators in the National Accounts. Therefore, CPI is considered as one of the most important economic indicators.


Consumer Price Index in India

In India, the Consumer Price Index is calculated on a monthly basis and is released every month at 5.30 p.m. on 12th day of the following month. If it is a holiday, then it is released on the next working day. All-India CPIs (Rural, Urban, Combined) along with inflation rates for Sub-group, Group, CFPI and General Index (All-Groups) are released through a Press Note and are also uploaded on the website of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

Items are first classified, organised and coded according to Groups, Sub Groups and Categories. Then a Weighing Diagram is prepared. Weighing diagram gives the share of each item in the total consumption expenditure in a Consumer Expenditure Survey(CES). For calculation of Consumer Price Index (CPI), prices are collected from 1181 village markets covering all districts and 1114 urban markets distributed over 310 towns of the country. The elementary/item indices are then computed using Geometric Mean (GM) of the Price Relatives of Current Prices with respect to Base Prices of different markets in consonance with the international practice.

For current series of CPI, the base year has been taken as 2012. The basket of items and their weighing diagrams have been prepared using the Modified Mixed Reference Period (MMRP8) data of Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES), 2011-12, which is 68th Round of National Sample Survey (NSS).


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Consumer Price Index

Detailed Monthly Data

Current & Historical Month-wise listing of Data of all Groups/Sub-Groups of CPI.

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Historical Consumer Price Index

Select Month
Index
Consumer Price Index
(Combined)
Consumer Price Index
(Rural)
Consumer Price Index
(Urban)

(Base 2012=100)

Consumer Price Index

Items Basket

Explore the All-India Sub-group/Group Weights Table.

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DATE INDEX CHANGE
Jan 2019 139.7   0.4
Dec 2018 140.1   0.7
Nov 2018 140.8   0.1
Oct 2018 140.7   0.5
Sep 2018 140.2   0.2
Aug 2018 140.4   0.6
Jul 2018 139.8   1.3
Jun 2018 138.5   0.7
May 2018 137.8   0.7
Apr 2018 137.1   0.6
Mar 2018 136.5   0.1
Feb 2018 136.4   0.5
Jan 2018 136.9   0.3
Dec 2017 137.2   0.4
Nov 2017 137.6   1.5
Oct 2017 136.1   0.9
Sep 2017 135.2   0.2
Aug 2017 135.4   1.2