Consumer Food Price Index (CFPI) in India

Consumer Food Price Index (CFPI)


March 2020

   8.76% (YoY)
- 1.27% (MoM)
Previous Value: 149.7 (Feb 2020)

Consumer Food Price Index (CFPI)
Monthly Trend

Mar 2020
Feb 2020
Jan 2020
Dec 2019
Nov 2019
Oct 2019
(Base 2012=100)


March 2020

Chart of Current Consumer Food Price Index (CFPI) Index

Select Range:
Source: MOSPI

Consumer Food Price Index (CFPI)

The Consumer Food Price Index (CFPI) in March 2020 rose by 8.76% (YoY)

from an year ago.

According to data released by the Central Statistics Office, the country's CFPI in Mar 2020 was pegged at 147.8, compared to 135.9 reported in the corresponding period last year. The CPI in Mar 2020 for urban areas was 149.1 and for the rural areas was 149.1.

This months CPI figure represents a decline of 1.27% (MoM) since last month, as CPI(Combined) for Feb 2020 stood at 149.7.

What does Consumer Food Price Index (CFPI) signify?

Let us assume that a basket of food items was costing Rs. 100.00 in 2012 (Base Year).

Consumer Food Price Index (CFPI) informs us that, the same basket of food items

was costing Rs. 105.40 in Jan 2013
was costing Rs. 115.60 in Jan 2014
was costing Rs. 122.70 in Jan 2015
was costing Rs. 131.10 in Jan 2016
was costing Rs. 131.90 in Jan 2017
was costing Rs. 138.10 in Jan 2018
was costing Rs. 135.00 in Jan 2019
was costing Rs. 153.40 in Jan 2020
was costing Rs. 147.80 in Mar 2020

Historical Consumer Food Price Index Trend in India

Historical Graph

All India Weights of different Sub-groups within Consumer Food Price Index (CFPI)

(Base 2012=100)
Cereals and products1.1.0126.1422.2424.77
Meat and Fish1.
Milk and products1.1.0416.3417.9816.92
Oils and fats1.1.058.909.499.11
Pulses and products1.
Sugar and confectionery1.1.093.613.283.49
CONSUMER FOOD PRICE INDEX 100.00100.00100.00
Source: MOSPI

  • Inflation is when you pay fifteen dollars for the ten-dollar haircut you used to get for five dollars when you had hair.

  • ~ Sam Ewing

What is Consumer Food Price Index (CFPI)?

Consumer Food Price Index (CFPI) is a component of all-items Consumer Price Index. While the all-items Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the price changes for all consumer goods and services, including food, the Consumer Food Price Index (CFPI) measures the changes in the retail prices of food items only.

A Consumer Price Index (CPI) is designed to measure the changes over time in general level of retail prices of selected goods and services that households purchase for the purpose of consumption. Such changes affect the real purchasing power of consumers’ income and their welfare. The CPI measures price changes by comparing, through time, the cost of a fixed basket of commodities.

The basket is based on the expenditures of a target population in a certain reference period. Since the basket contains commodities of unchanging or equivalent quantity and quality, the index reflects only pure price.

The annual percentage change in a CPI is used as a measure of inflation.

Over the years, CFPI have been widely used as a macroeconomic indicator of inflation, and also as a tool by Government and Central Bank for targeting inflation and monitoring price stability.

Consumer Food Price Index in India

In India, the Consumer Price Index along with Consumer Food price Index is calculated on a monthly basis and is released every month at 5.30 p.m. on 12th day of the following month. If it is a holiday, then it is released on the next working day. All-India CPIs (Rural, Urban, Combined) along with inflation rates for Sub-group, Group, CFPI and General Index (All-Groups) are released through a Press Note and are also uploaded on the website of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

Items are first classified, organised and coded according to Groups, Sub Groups and Categories. Then a Weighing Diagram is prepared. Weighing diagram gives the share of each item in the total consumption expenditure in a Consumer Expenditure Survey(CES). For calculation of Consumer Price Index (CPI), prices are collected from 1181 village markets covering all districts and 1114 urban markets distributed over 310 towns of the country. The elementary/item indices are then computed using Geometric Mean (GM) of the Price Relatives of Current Prices with respect to Base Prices of different markets in consonance with the international practice.

For current series of CPI, the base year has been taken as 2012. The basket of items and their weighing diagrams have been prepared using the Modified Mixed Reference Period (MMRP8) data of Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES), 2011-12, which is 68th Round of National Sample Survey (NSS).


Consumer Price Index

Detailed Monthly Data

Current & Historical Month-wise listing of Data of all Groups/Sub-Groups of CPI.


Historical Consumer Food Price Index

Select Month
Consumer Food Price Index
Consumer Food Price Index
Consumer Food Price Index

(Base 2012=100)

Consumer Price Index

Items Basket

Explore the All-India Sub-group/Group Weights Table.

Mar 2020 147.8   1.9
Feb 2020 149.7   3.7
Jan 2020 153.4   1.9
Dec 2019 155.3   3.7
Nov 2019 151.6   2.5
Oct 2019 149.1   3.1
Sep 2019 146.0   1.3
Aug 2019 144.7   1.3
Jul 2019 143.4   2.3
Jun 2019 141.1   2.1
May 2019 139.0   1.7
Apr 2019 137.3   1.4
Mar 2019 135.9   0.8
Feb 2019 135.1   0.1
Jan 2019 135.0   1.0
Dec 2018 136.0   1.8
Nov 2018 137.8   0.4
Oct 2018 138.2   0.7