Consumer Price Index (CPI) - Household goods and services

Consumer Price Index (CPI)

Household Goods And Services
143.3

December 2018

   6.38% (YoY)
+ 0.77% (MoM)
Previous Value: 142.2 (Nov 2018)


CPI - Household Goods And Services
Monthly Trend

MONTH
INDEX
YoY CHANGE
Dec 2018
143.3
6.38%
Nov 2018
142.2
5.80%
Oct 2018
141.6
5.99%
Sep 2018
139.7
4.80%
Aug 2018
139.4
4.97%
Jul 2018
138.6
5.08%
(Base 2012=100)

Chart of Current CPI - Household goods and services Index

Select Range:
Source: MOSPI

CPI - Household goods and services

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) for Household goods and services in December 2018 rose by 6.38% (YoY)

from an year ago.

According to data released by the Central Statistics Office, the country's CPI for Household goods and services in Dec 2018 was pegged at 143.3, compared to 134.7 reported in the corresponding period last year. The CPI in Dec 2018 for urban areas was 136.2 and for the rural areas was 136.2.

This months CPI figure represents a jump of 0.77% (MoM) since last month, as CPI(Combined) for Nov 2018 stood at 142.2.


What does CPI - Household goods and services signify?

Let us assume that a basket of goods and services; in this case, Household goods and services was costing Rs. 100.00 in 2012 (Base Year).

Consumer Price Index (CPI) informs us that, the same basket of goods and services i.e. Household goods and services

was costing Rs. 104.80 in Jan 2013
was costing Rs. 112.30 in Jan 2014
was costing Rs. 118.10 in Jan 2015
was costing Rs. 124.20 in Jan 2016
was costing Rs. 129.40 in Jan 2017
was costing Rs. 134.90 in Jan 2018
was costing Rs. 143.30 in Dec 2018

Consumer Price Index (CPI) Weightage
Household goods and services

Household goods and services is a sub-group of Miscellaneous. In the calculation of Consumer Price Index, Household goods and services has the following weightage:

Index Rural Urban Combined
Household goods and services 3.75% 3.87% 3.80%

Other sub-groups included alongside Household goods and services in the Miscellaneous group are:

Historical Consumer Price Index Trend

 
Historical Graph

  • Inflation is as violent as a mugger, as frightening as an armed robber and as deadly as a hit man.

  • ~ Ronald Reagan


What is Consumer Price Index (CPI)?

A Consumer Price Index (CPI) is designed to measure the changes over time in general level of retail prices of selected goods and services that households purchase for the purpose of consumption. Such changes affect the real purchasing power of consumers’ income and their welfare. The CPI measures price changes by comparing, through time, the cost of a fixed basket of commodities.

The basket is based on the expenditures of a target population in a certain reference period. Since the basket contains commodities of unchanging or equivalent quantity and quality, the index reflects only pure price.

The annual percentage change in a CPI is used as a measure of inflation.

Over the years, CPIs have been widely used as a macroeconomic indicator of inflation, and also as a tool by Government and Central Bank for targeting inflation and monitoring price stability. CPI is also used as deflators in the National Accounts. Therefore, CPI is considered as one of the most important economic indicators.


Consumer Price Index in India

In India, the Consumer Price Index is calculated on a monthly basis and is released every month at 5.30 p.m. on 12th day of the following month. If it is a holiday, then it is released on the next working day. All-India CPIs (Rural, Urban, Combined) along with inflation rates for Sub-group, Group, CFPI and General Index (All-Groups) are released through a Press Note and are also uploaded on the website of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

Items are first classified, organised and coded according to Groups, Sub Groups and Categories. Then a Weighing Diagram is prepared. Weighing diagram gives the share of each item in the total consumption expenditure in a Consumer Expenditure Survey(CES). For calculation of Consumer Price Index (CPI), prices are collected from 1181 village markets covering all districts and 1114 urban markets distributed over 310 towns of the country. The elementary/item indices are then computed using Geometric Mean (GM) of the Price Relatives of Current Prices with respect to Base Prices of different markets in consonance with the international practice.

For current series of CPI, the base year has been taken as 2012. The basket of items and their weighing diagrams have been prepared using the Modified Mixed Reference Period (MMRP8) data of Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES), 2011-12, which is 68th Round of National Sample Survey (NSS).


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Consumer Price Index

Detailed Monthly Data

Current & Historical Month-wise listing of Data of all Groups/Sub-Groups of CPI.

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Historical Consumer Price Index

Select Month
Household goods and services
Consumer Price Index
(Combined)
Consumer Price Index
(Rural)
Consumer Price Index
(Urban)

(Base 2012=100)

Consumer Price Index

Items Basket

Explore the All-India Sub-group/Group Weights Table.

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DATE INDEX CHANGE
Dec 2018 143.3   1.1
Nov 2018 142.2   0.6
Oct 2018 141.6   1.9
Sep 2018 139.7   0.3
Aug 2018 139.4   0.8
Jul 2018 138.6   0.7
Jun 2018 137.9   0.5
May 2018 137.4   0.8
Apr 2018 136.6   1.0
Mar 2018 135.6   0.4
Feb 2018 135.2   0.3
Jan 2018 134.9   0.2
Dec 2017 134.7   0.3
Nov 2017 134.4   0.8
Oct 2017 133.6   0.3
Sep 2017 133.3   0.5
Aug 2017 132.8   0.9
Jul 2017 131.9   0.7